Data Publication

The CANFAR Data Publication Service


The purpose of the CANFAR Data Publication Service (DPS) is to support linking a research paper to the actual data that were used to produce the conclusions of that paper. The DPS provides storage space and the ability to register (publish) a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) with the DataCite system. That DOI will point to the published data on a permanent basis.


There are 2 ways to access the DPS:

  1. From the CANFAR portal (select Data Publication at

  2. Through direct link -

Account Requirements

The author of the paper will need to have a CADC account. This will allow you to access the CANFAR Data Publication Service (DPS) interface and, later, to access the user-managed storage service where the author will deposit the data to be published.

How to Publish a DOI using the CANFAR Data Publication Service (DPS)


Steps to follow to publish data using the DPS:

  1. Request a DOI
  2. Upload the data package
  3. Refereeing
  4. Publish DOI with Data Cite
1. Request a DOI

In this step:

2. Upload the data package

How this is done depends on both the size and volume of files that are part of the data package. See ‘Uploading a Data Package’ later in this document for more details.

3. Refereeing

At the request of the DOI owner a CADC account is generated that has read-only access to the data package. The author can share it with a journal editor or other referee. The account is disabled after refereeing is complete.

4. Publish DOI with Data Cite

Through the CANFAR DPS, the DOI is ‘Published’ with DataCite and the Data Directory is locked. Any further changes to the data package or the DOI metadata (such as adding a Publication DOI) requires a request to CANFAR support.

Post-publication steps can include:

  • Addition of publication DOI to landing page

How to use the CANFAR Data Publication Service (DPS)

Listing current DOIs

The full list of CANFAR-hosted DOIs the currently authenticated user has access to can be found at This page displays DOI details including status, name, title, links to landing page and data directory.

From here a DOI can be requested, selected for viewing, editing or publishing, depending on the DOI status.

Requesting a new DOI

From either the DOI list or request page, a ‘New’ button will be available. Click this to generate a new DOI request. The request form can be found at

Minimum information needed:

  • First Author
  • Title

Optional: (Both of these can be added later, prior to publishing the DOI.)

  • The journal reference information (journal name, volume page) can be entered but is typically not known initially
  • Additional Authors

Once the information is entered, push the Request button. The DOI Reference number is assigned automatically and is displayed once the page refreshes.

Viewing DOI details

From the DOI list page, select the number or title to see more details on the DOI request page.

ie. (requires authentication)

Details on the page include:

  • DOI number
  • Title
  • First and Additional Authors
  • Journal Reference
  • DOI status
  • Landing page link
  • Data Directory link (lock icon displayed if is locked)

Editing DOI details

On the DOI request page, if a DOI is NOT published details can be edited by an authenticated user.

Modify any of the values in the form that are available, then press ‘Update’. The new values are displayed when the page refreshes.

If a DOI is published, a request to edit it must be made through CANFAR support.

Viewing DOI landing page

The landing page provides the outside world with all the pertinent information about your journal paper and related data. It’s the document DataCite links your DOI to.

links to:

The page contains information about the paper, links to the published data and related publications.

For DOIs that are published, the page is available anonymously.

Publishing a DOI

On the DOI request page, if a DOI is NOT already published, there is a ‘Publish’ button in the upper right hand corner of the page. When you are satisfied that all necessary information is shown and the data package is complete, press ‘Publish’ and the system will do the following:

  • complete registration of your DOI with DataCite
  • lock the Data Directory.

Related publication information can be added manually after this step, by contacting CANFAR support.

Deleting Unpublished DOIs

A DOI request can be deleted prior to publication using the ‘Delete’ action on the request page.

NOTE: for PUBLISHED DOIs, no ‘Delete’ action is available.

DOI Data Package

DPS provides a Data Directory for the data package to reside in. The Data Directory is hosted by CANFAR in the Vault VOSpace impelmentation. A folder (literally called ‘data’) is created in the main folder for a DOI. The structure below that point is up to the DOI owner.


NOTE: after a DOI is published, this folder is locked and can no longer be modified without assistance from CANFAR support.

Content of the data package

The author has complete control of the content of the data package. It may contain data, figures, software, or any other material that is important to the paper. We recommend that a README file be placed at the top-level directory that explains the content (including the structure) of the data package.

Uploading a data package

There are two ways to upload a data package. Which method you use depends on the size and complexity of the data being uploaded.

  • For a smaller number of small-sized files, the User Storage UI is a good choice. Documentation: User Storage documentation

  • For very large files, or for large numbers of files, the Python vcp tools are a better choice. Full instructions for using vcp can also be found under ‘The vos Python module and command line client’ in the User Storage documentation

Refereeing: Sharing the data package with the journal editor and referee

Sharing the data package with the science community enhances and supplements the journal publication process. Furthermore, evaluation and assessment of the data package by the journal editors and referees is an additional enhancement to the value of data publication.

Authors should contact CANFAR support to obtain a user name and password for an account that can access (in readonly mode) the folder hosting the data package. The author can share this account information with the journal editor. The editor can then pass that account information on to the referee.

The referee and journal editor can examine the data package and may require revisions to the data prior to publication.

The journal editor and referee may examine and approve the revisions or modifications.

Revising the Content of the data package

The author retains the ability to modify the data package and may do so at any point prior to publishing their DOI. After publication, the DOI owner needs to contact CANFAR support for assistance.

Publishing (minting) the DOI

Once the refereeing process is complete and the paper is accepted the author can use the Publish button to “mint” (register the DOI with DataCite). This will lock the folder hosting the data package and the DOI information itself (author list, journal reference, etc.) so that the author can no longer make changes. The data will be discoverable through the DataCite search interface (with very limited discovery metadata).

Revising and finalising publication and data package information

The final step is to link the data package DOI with the journal DOI. This is not currently automated.

The author should contact CANFAR support to:

  • include the journal paper DOI in the data package information
  • update the journal reference (title, volume, page)

It’s the responsibility of the author to provide the data package DOI to the journal editor to have it included in the journal paper.

Need further assistance?

Please contact CANFAR support if you need any assistance.

Comments and feedback from users is greatly valued.